Understanding plant propagation: the basics
Nia Bennett | Jun, 18 2020
Plant propagation is a process where you can replant new plants through various methods like using plant trimmings or seeds. It is a good way to multiply your favourite homegrown plants.
Learning a few hacks through plant propagation is an excellent way to avoid unnecessary shopping bill at the nursery or garden centre.
Regrowing plants does not have to be a complicated task. You do not need to be an expert gardener to try plant propagation. In fact, even if you do not know a great deal about gardening, just following a few simple steps will allow you to multiply all your lovely indoor or outdoor plants to your heart's desire.
What are the different methods of plant propagation?
Plant propagation can vary and includes various techniques. Each of those methods falls into either the sexual or asexual category.
Sexual propagation involves creating a new plant through seeds or spores, whereas asexual plant propagation is a process which uses vegetation for regrowth.
The asexual method of propagation involves using plant trimmings, where a stem or root of a plant is grown to produce more plants.
What are the two types of plant propagation?
There are many forms of plant propagation which involves using buds, spores, stem cutting, root cutting, grafting and layering. However, the easiest way is using stem or root cuttings to regrow your favourite plants.
Layering is another process of plant propagation where you allow the plant to root itself while still being close to its parent plant. One of the easiest ways to use the layering method is by bending a new branch to the soil. Make sure the bottom section of the branch is covered in soil. You can use a stick, stone or something heavy, so the branch stays still in the soil and within weeks, this should root itself. When the plant starts growing, you can cut the link from the mother plant and plant it a separate container or plant pot.
How do you root a plant from a cutting?
Rooting a plant from a cutting is a simple task and an easy way to regrow. To do this just take a cutting from a plant at its root node and plant this in water.
Make sure you change the water every 4 days and continue to do this till the roots grow.
How long do plant cuttings take to root?
Every plant when cut correctly will root and eventually bloom. However, the time frame for plant cuttings to root may differ depending on the type of plant.
An average plant may take up to a month to root, but some might take longer to root. If your plant hasn't rooted in a month, make a rooting solution by dissolving aspirin in water and then add the root to this new root boosting water. For a higher success rate, always make sure you cut the plant around the root node. Some of the popular plants that root fast are pothos, spider plants, ivy and prayer plant.